### Correlational finding on Happiness and Current anomySubject code: A06ab

 Study Bradshaw et al. (2006): study ZZ OECD member states 2001 Title Comparing Child Well-Being in OECD Countries: Concepts and Methods. Source Innoocenti Working Paper no. 2006-3, Unicef Research Centre, 2006, Florence, Italy URL https://www.unicef-irc.org/publications/464/ Public Adolescents, 29 nations, 2001 Sample Probability multi-stage cluster sample Non-Response Respondents N = 137682

 Correlate Author's label Feeling an outsider Page in Source 4, 70-72,75 Our classification Current anomy, code A06ab Operationalization ```Self report on single question: I feel like an outsider (or left out of things) ``` Observed distribution OECD countries: Austria = 5,8 Belgium = 7,9 Canada = 8,9 Czech Republic = 9,7 Denmark = 5,3 Finland = 5,5 France = 7,7 Germany = 6,1 Greece = 6,3 Hungary = 9,3 Ireland = 5,6 Italy = 4,9 Netherlands = 3,9 Norway = 5,6 Poland = 8,2 Portugal = 6,4 Spain = 3,3 Sweden = 5,2 Switzerland = 7,1 United Kingdom 6,8 United States = NA . Average of OECD countries: 6,4 %, SD = 1,7 % Non-OECD Countries: Croatia = NA Estonia = NA Israel = 2,3 Latvia = 5,2 Lithuania = NA Malta = NA Russian Federation = 6,1 Slovenia = NA Remarks ```source: PISA 2003 ```

 Observed Relation with Happiness HappinessMeasure Statistics Elaboration/Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a r=-.44 p < .05 ```% happy in nation by % feeling an outsider ```

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
 Code Full Text C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a Selfreport on single question:Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? [ 10 ] best possible life[ 9 ] [ 8 ][ 7 ][ 6 ][ 5 ][ 4 ][ 3 ][ 2 ][ 1 ][ 0 ] worst possible life Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)

Appendix 2: Statistics used
 Symbol Explanation r PRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')Type: test statistic.Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metricRange: [-1; +1]Meaning:r = 0 « no correlation ,r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, andr = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl