Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L13ab02b

StudySimon et al. (2007): study NL 2006
TitleIn de Stad moet je Googelen om Groen te zien. (Why People are Happier in the Country than in Cities).
SourceSchnabel,P.; Ed.: "Veel Geluk in 2007", SCP, 2007, The Hague, Netherlands, 66 - 71
Public21+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2006
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =140

Correlate
Author's labelrural versus urban dwelling
Page in Source 66
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L13ab02b
Operationalization
Population density
1: rural 
2: urban
(original: 1,2,3 = urban, 4,5 = rural)
Remarks
Source: Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aD%=-.6
         %happy:
rural       86%
urban       80%
-difference -6%


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question

To what extent do you consider yourself a happy person....?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 not very happy
1 unhappy


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl