Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific possessions
Subject code: P12ab02

StudyHowell et al. (2006): study MY 2003
TitleDoes Wealth Enhance Life Satisfaction for People Who Are Materially Deprived? Exploring the Association among the 'Orang Asli' of Peninsular Malaysia.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 76, 499 - 524
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-3107-0
PublicHeads of households, Malaysia, 2003
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response4,6%
Respondents N =307

Correlate
Author's labelMaterial wealth
Page in Source 503-504
Our classificationSpecific possessions, code P12ab02
Operationalization
Possessions of household-members on a list of items; 
each item gets a weight based on its market price as a 
used good. In order of decreasing price: a gas stove, a 
motorcycle, radio, television, electricity, 
bicycle,indoor bathroom, chainsaw,  VCD player, 
generator, cellular phone, automobile, refrigirator.
Observed distributionM=538 USD SD=411 USD

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-n-7-br=+.21 p < .01


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-Sum-u-mq-n-7-bSelfreport on five questions:

A I am very content with my life
B Nothing is currently lacking in my life
C When I examine my life as a whole, I feel I am not meeting my aspirations*
D I feel dissatisfied because I'm not doing everything that I want to be doing in my life*

Rating:
1 strongly disagree
.
.
7 strongly agree
* reversed keyed item

Name: Contentment with life assesment Scale (CLASS)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl