Correlational finding on Happiness and Trainings for multiple mental skills
Subject code: H16ad03j

StudyGoldwurm et al. (2003): study IT 2001
TitleImproving Subjective Well-Being for the Promotion of Health: The Milan Project.
SourceHomeostasis, 2003, Vol. 42, 157 - 162
PublicParticipants in a happiness training, Italy, 2001
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Respondents N =112

Author's labelEfffect of happiness training
Page in Source 159/161
Our classificationTrainings for multiple mental skills, code H16ad03j
The training program was as follows:
A: 2 month long 6 meetings
1st meeting: Informaton, assesssment, 
introduction of the 14 fundamentals, Homework on the 
fundamentals, readings
2nd to 5th meetings: lecture of diaries, discussion and 
encouragement, deepening of 3-4 fundamentatals each 
lesson, teaching of actuation techniqies Homework: 
daily diary
6th meeting: retest, information and role playing, 
discussion and encouragement
B: 4 month and summer break:
In the Summer break homework training of the 14 
C: 7th meeting: analysis of the result of the test, 
retest, discussion and encouragement
8th meeting: final retest, check discussion, 
description of the research

1: Training group: 
0: Control Group
Observed distributionTraining: N = 45, Control: N = 47

Observed Relation with Happiness
A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-abD%=+ ns
              Training          Control
              Test   Retest     Test   Retest 
              Mean   Mean       Mean   Mean
% Happy       51.95  55.94      52.69  52.82
% Neutral     27.93  28.12      33.21  32.03
% Unhappy     20.12  16.88      14.10  14.38
none of these differences is significant (05) in 
two sample test

Happiness assessed at:
T1: at start of the course
T2: after 2 months, at 6th meeting
T3: after 4 month at last 8th meeting
Difference CHANGE happiness trained vs controls
% happy     D%sr = + 3,85
% unhappy   D%sr = - 2,96
- balance          + 5,81

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-abSelfreport on three questions:

'On the average, what percentage of the time d you feel….…' (percentages must add up to 100%)
1 happy
2 unhappy
3 neutral

Name: Fordyce % happy scale
Variant: % unhappy

Appendix 2: Statistics used
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.