Correlational finding on Happiness and Current disease (who icd-10 classification)
Subject code: H14ad

StudyBernheim et al. (2006): study DE 1990
TitleThe Potential of Anamnestic Comparative Self Assessment (ACSA) to Reduce Bias in the Measurement of Subjective Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2006, Vol. 7, 227 - 250
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-005-4755-0
PublicPatients university hospital, Berlin, Germany 1990-2003
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2584

Correlate
Author's labelDisease
Page in Source 234
Our classificationCurrent disease (who icd-10 classification), code H14ad
Operationalization
Diagnosis taken from medical record:
A: Psychiatric disorders
   a: eating disorder
   b: post-traumatic stress
   c: anxiety disorder
   d: affective disorder (mainly depression)
   e: somatization disorder
   f: dependency (mainly drug abuse)
B: Somatic disorders
   a: cardio-vascular disorder
   b: metabolic (endocrine) disorder
   c: diabetes melitus
   d: end-stage liver disease (mostly cirrosis)
   e: liver disease(most cirrosis) after 
transplantation
Observed distributionN = Aa: 305; Ab:283; Ac:281; Ad:308; Ae: 685; Af:128 Eating disorder: anorexia nervosa N= Ba:112; Bb:96; Bc:76; Bd:310; Be:171

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-ol-11-aDMt=
                         DMt      CI95
A: Psychiatric          3.56
   a: eating            3.4     0.5 -6.1
   b: post-traumatic    3.1     0.75-5.4
   c: anxiety           2.2     0.6 -3.8  
   d: affective         3.1     0.75-3.9
   e: somatization      4.0     1.4 -4.75
   f: dependency        3.9     1.4 -6.5

B: Somatic disorders    3.95
   a: cardio-vascular   4.3     1.7 -7.0 
   b: metabolic         4.1     1.8 -7.0
   c: diabetis          4.9     2.2 -7.6 
   d: liver             3.0     0.4 -5.9
   e: transp.liver      7.1     4.8 -9.1

All patients            4.0     1.3 -6.3
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-qDMt=
A: Psychiatric            2.94 
   a: eating              3.1   0.4 -6.1
   b: post-traumatic      4.4   1.7 -7.5
   c: anxiety             3.2   1.05-6.75
   d: affective           3.2   2.25-3.85
   e: somatization        4.9   2.25-5.2
   f: dependency          4.3   2.2 -8.2

B: Somaticdisorder        3.09
   a: cardio-vasculair    5.1   2.2 -8.2
   b: metabolic           4.4   1.6 -7.9
   c: diabetes            5.95  2.4 -9.0
   d: liver               6.2   2.8 -7.2
   e: transplantation     8.1   6.0 -10.2

All patients              4.9   1.8 -7.9

All means transformd to range 0-10


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
C-BW-c-sq-ol-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Please rate your life satisfaction these days, compared to the BEST and the WORST periods in your life that you have just identified
Answers rated on an open line scale:
-5 | worst period
-4 |
-3 |
-2 |
-1 |
0
+1 |
+2 |
+3 |
+4 |
+5 | best period

Preceded by recall of best and worst periods in life-experience

Name: ACSA (Anamnestic Comparative Self Assessment)
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-qSelfreport on single question:

Currently I am .. with life as a whole
1 very dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
3 neither satisfied, nor dissatisfied
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMtDIFFERENCE of MEANS AFTER TRANSFORMATION
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: [-10; +10]

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness (happiness measured at a 0-10 rating scale) between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl