Correlational finding on Happiness and Later physical health
Subject code: H14aa03

StudyHawkins & Booth (2005): study US 1980
TitleUnhappily Ever After: Effects of Long-Term, Low-Quality Marriages on Well-Being.
SourceSocial Forces, 2005, Vol. 84, 451 - 471
PublicCouples, USA, followed 12 years, 1980-1992
SampleProbability simple random sample
Respondents N =1150

Author's labelOverall health
Page in Source 456
Our classificationLater physical health, code H14aa03
The respondents' ratings of their own overall health
1= poor
2= fair
3= good
4= excellent
Observed distributionAt T1: M=3.45, SD=.71, Range 1-4 At T4: M=3.22, SD=.74, Range 1-4
Assessed at T1(1980) and T4(1992)

Observed Relation with Happiness
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adr=+.23 p < .001
T1 Happiness by T1 overall health
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adr=+.37 p < .001
T1 Happiness by T4 overall health
(12 year interval)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adr=+.13 p < .001
T4 Happiness by T1 overall health
(12 year interval)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adr=+.22 p < .001
T4 Happiness by T4 overall health

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say you are these days? Would you say you are..........?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy

Appendix 2: Statistics used
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.