Correlational finding on Happiness and Later physical healthSubject code: H14aa03

 Study Hawkins & Booth (2005): study US 1980 Title Unhappily Ever After: Effects of Long-Term, Low-Quality Marriages on Well-Being. Source Social Forces, 2005, Vol. 84, 451 - 471 URL http://www.jstor.org/stable/3598312 Public Couples, USA, followed 12 years, 1980-1992 Sample Probability simple random sample Non-Response 35% Respondents N = 1150

 Correlate Author's label Overall health Page in Source 456 Our classification Later physical health, code H14aa03 Operationalization ```The respondents' ratings of their own overall health 1= poor 2= fair 3= good 4= excellent ``` Observed distribution At T1: M=3.45, SD=.71, Range 1-4 At T4: M=3.22, SD=.74, Range 1-4 Remarks ```Assessed at T1(1980) and T4(1992) ```

 Observed Relation with Happiness HappinessMeasure Statistics Elaboration/Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad r=+.23 p < .001 ```T1 Happiness by T1 overall health ``` O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad r=+.37 p < .001 ```T1 Happiness by T4 overall health (12 year interval) ``` O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad r=+.13 p < .001 ```T4 Happiness by T1 overall health (12 year interval) ``` O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad r=+.22 p < .001 ```T4 Happiness by T4 overall health ```

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
 Code Full Text O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad Selfreport on single question:Taking all things together, how would you say you are these days? Would you say you are..........?3 very happy2 pretty happy1 not too happy

Appendix 2: Statistics used
 Symbol Explanation r PRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')Type: test statistic.Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metricRange: [-1; +1]Meaning:r = 0 « no correlation ,r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, andr = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl