### Correlational finding on Happiness and Later life-appraisalsSubject code: L04aa03

 Study Hawkins & Booth (2005): study US 1980 Title Unhappily Ever After: Effects of Long-Term, Low-Quality Marriages on Well-Being. Source Social Forces, 2005, Vol. 84, 451 - 471 URL http://www.jstor.org/stable/3598312 Public Couples, USA, followed 12 years, 1980-1992 Sample Probability simple random sample Non-Response 35% Respondents N = 1150

 Correlate Author's label Life satisfaction Page in Source 458 Our classification Later life-appraisals, code L04aa03 Operationalization ```How much satisfaction do you get from …? Six item summed scale that assesses how satisfied respondents are with their neighborhoods, jobs, homes, friends, leisure time and family. Answers ranged from 1= non to 5= a great deal ``` Observed distribution M=23.84, SD=3.57, Range 6-30 Error Estimates Alpha = .62 Remarks ```Assessed at T4 (1992) ```

 Observed Relation with Happiness HappinessMeasure Statistics Elaboration/Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad r=+.39 p < .001 ```T4 happiness by T4 summed domain satisfaction ``` O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad r=+.26 p < .001 ```T1 happiness (1980) by T4 summed domain satisfaction (12 years interval) ```

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
 Code Full Text O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad Selfreport on single question:Taking all things together, how would you say you are these days? Would you say you are..........?3 very happy2 pretty happy1 not too happy

Appendix 2: Statistics used
 Symbol Explanation r PRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')Type: test statistic.Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metricRange: [-1; +1]Meaning:r = 0 « no correlation ,r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, andr = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl