Subject code: E01ab01

Study | Hawkins & Booth (2005): study US 1980 |

Title | Unhappily Ever After: Effects of Long-Term, Low-Quality Marriages on Well-Being. |

Source | Social Forces, 2005, Vol. 84, 451 - 471 |

URL | http://www.jstor.org/stable/3598312 |

Public | Couples, USA, followed 12 years, 1980-1992 |

Sample | Probability simple random sample |

Non-Response | 35% |

Respondents N = | 1150 |

Correlate | |

Author's label | Education |

Page in Source | 458 |

Our classification | Years schooling, code E01ab01 |

Operationalization | Years of schooling |

Observed distribution | M=14.48, SD=2.71, Range 0-28 |

Remarks | Assessed at T4 (1992) |

Observed Relation with Happiness | ||

Happiness Measure | Statistics | Elaboration/Remarks |

O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad | r=+.00 ns | T1 Happiness (1980) by T4 Schooling |

O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad | r=+.04 ns | T4 Happiness (1992)by T4 schooling |

O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad | Beta=+.01 ns | T1-T4 CHANGE in happiness (T4 happiness controlling T1 happiness) Beta additionally controlled for: - Continuously married - Divorced/Unmarried - Divorced/Remarried - Age - Gender - White - Family income - Number of children - Stepchild - Religiosity - Remarried - Cohabited |

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

Code | Full Text |

O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad | Selfreport on single question: Taking all things together, how would you say you are these days? Would you say you are..........? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy |

Appendix 2: Statistics used

Symbol | Explanation |

Beta | STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS) Type: test statistic. Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric. Range: [-1 ; +1] Meaning: beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average. beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average. beta = 0 « no correlation. beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation. |

r | PRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient') Type: test statistic. Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric Range: [-1; +1] Meaning: r = 0 « no correlation , r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values. |

Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.

https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl