### Correlational finding on Happiness and Sex (male vs female)Subject code: G01aa

 Study Holloway & Carson (1999): study GB 1990 Title Subjective Quality of Life, Psychopathology, Satisfacton with Care and Insight: An Exploratory Study. Source International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 1999, Vol. 45, 259 - 267 Public Mental patients, UK, followed 3 years,1990-1993 Sample Non-probability purposive sample Non-Response 0 Respondents N = 70

 Correlate Author's label Sexe Page in Source 261 Our classification Sex (male vs female), code G01aa Operationalization ```1:Male 0:Female ``` Observed distribution 0: 24 (34%), 1: 46 (66%)

 Observed Relation with Happiness HappinessMeasure Statistics Elaboration/Remarks O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-a DM=- ns ```males: M= 3.73 SD= 1.38 female: M= 3.98 SD= 1.43 ``` O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-a t.=70 p < .448

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
 Code Full Text O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-a Selfreport on single question, asked twice in interview: How do you feel about your life as a whole......?7 delighted6 pleased5 mostly satisfied4 mixed3 mostly dissatisfied2 unhappy1 terribleSummation: arithmetic meanName: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'

Appendix 2: Statistics used
 Symbol Explanation DM DIFFERENCE of MEANSType: descriptive statistic only.Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metricRange: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels. t. t-STATISTIC (Student's t-statistic)Type: symmetric standard test statistic.One parameter: n (= number of degrees of freedom (df) ; range df: [1; + infinite)Range for t: unlimitedMeaning : the test statistic is the ratio of a difference between a statistic and its expected value under the null hypothesis and its (estimated) standard error with n degrees of freedom. The critical values of its probability distribution are tabulated extensively in almost any textbook on Statistics.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl