Correlational finding on Happiness and Sex (male vs female)
Subject code: G01aa

StudyVanSluijs (2004): study NL 1987
TitleEffecten van Levenslooptransities op de Tevredenheid van Jong Volwassenen. (Effects of Lifecourse Transition on Satisfaction of Adolescents).
SourceMaster thesis, University Tilburg, 2004, Netherlands
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/vansluijs_J_2004.pdf
PublicYoung adults, followed from age 18 to 30, The Netherlands, 1987-1999
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response36,6% (baseline)
Respondents N =836

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 45, 52, 62
Our classificationSex (male vs female), code G01aa
Operationalization
1: male
0: female
Observed distributionN = Males T1:873, T3: 609, T4: 448, T5: 377 Total: 2307 Females T1: 877, T3:647, T4: 488, T5: 453 Total: 2465

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-aDMt=-
        T1        T3        T4        T5
        Mt   SD   Mt   SD   Mt   SD   Mt   SD
Males   7,07 1,87 7,22 1,79 7,37 1,74 7,69 1,62
Females 7,42 1,94 7,70 1,73 7,60 1,97 7,74 1,97
Differ- +0,35*    +0,48*    +0,23(ns) +0,05(ns)
ence

           Total
           Mt   SD
Males      7,27 1,80
Females    7,59 1,86
Difference +0.32 *

* signicance p <.05
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-ab=-.56 p < .001
B controlled for personal characteristics:
- age 
- ageČ
- education
- cohort 1965 vs cohort 1961
- cohort 1969 vs cohort 1961
- mental health
- neuroticism
- extraversion
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-ab=-.48 p < .05
additional controlled for lifecourse transitions 
(happened or not):
- first job
- no job as yet
- left parental home
- living together/marriage first partner
- divorce from first partner
- living together/marriage second partner
- having first child
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-ab=-.53 p < .05
additional controlled for years since transition:
- first paid job
- no job
- leaving parental home
- living together/marriage first partner
- divorce from first partner
- living together/marriage second partner
- having first child

Unaffected by squaring of the above variables

B's indicate average difference between males and 
females over this 12 year period


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-aSelfreport on four questions:

Using the 1-7 scale below, indicate how much each of the following statements applies for you in the last 18 months.
A In most ways my life is close to ideal
B The conditions of my life are excellent
C I am satisfied with my life
D So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life

Answers rated:
7 applies completely
6 apllies
5 apllies slightly
4 neither applies nor does not apply
3 slightly not applicable
2 not applicable
1 applies not at all

Computation: A+B+C+D divided by 4

Name: Shortened Diener's Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), last years version
(In the original scale item 5 reads: 'If I could live my life over, I would change nothing'. This item is left out in this selection because a positive answer to this question does not necessarily mean that the respondent doesn't like the life he/she actually lives.)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
DMtDIFFERENCE of MEANS AFTER TRANSFORMATION
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: [-10; +10]

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness (happiness measured at a 0-10 rating scale) between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl