Correlational finding on Happiness and Mixed multiple life-appraisals
Subject code: L04af

StudyHolloway & Carson (1999): study GB 1990
TitleSubjective Quality of Life, Psychopathology, Satisfacton with Care and Insight: An Exploratory Study.
SourceInternational Journal of Social Psychiatry, 1999, Vol. 45, 259 - 267
PublicMental patients, UK, followed 3 years,1990-1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =70

Correlate
Author's labelLife Expierience Checklist (LEC)
Page in Source 262
Our classificationMixed multiple life-appraisals, code L04af
Operationalization
Selfreport on the follwing questions:

Home
- My home has more rooms
- My home is well decoreated
- My home is carpeted and comfortable furniture
- My home has a garden
- I have never been attacked by someone at home
- I have never had anything of mine stolen from home
- I use a telephone at home at least once a week
- My home have a central heating
- Visitors have sometimes said how nice they think my 
home is
- I have my own room(or share with my partner only)

Leisure
-I visit friends or relatives for a meal at least once 
a month
-I go to a cafe or restaurant for a  meal at least once 
a month
-I do some sport at leat once a month
-I go to a local club, class or      
 meeting  at least once a month
-I go to the cinema or theatre at least once a month
-I go out to meet friends or relatives at least once a 
week
-I go away on holiday for at least two weeks each year
-I go to church (or some place) at least once a month
-I have a hoby or interst
-There is lots for me to do at home

Relationships
-I have several close friends
-I feel loved and accepted by those who live with me
-I ame called by my first name by those who live with 
me
-Some peopple address me formally
-I am married or steady partner
-I have friends to stay with me at home at least once a 
year
-When I ame sad ther are people who listen to me and 
help me
-There are both men and women living in my home
-I stay overnight with friends at least once a year
-I get on well with my family

Freedom
-I have several close friends
-I feel loved and accepted by those who live with me
-I ame called by my first name by those who live with 
me
-Some peopple address me formally
-I am married or steady partner
-I have friends to stay with me at home at least once a 
year
-When I ame sad ther are people who listen to me and 
help me
-There are both men and women living in my home
-I stay overnight with friends at least once a year
-I get on well with my family

Oppertunities
-Local shops are a short walk away
-I travel by car or public transport at least once a 
week
-When I am sick I can get to see a dokter easily
-I cook meals at least once a week
-I can make myself drinks or snacks whenever I want do
-I do some jobs in the home
-I have a pet
-I  enjoy what I do during the day
-What I do during the day is help or value to others
-I am being taught some new skill
Remarks
Life Experience Checklist (LEC) [Ager 1990}

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.46 p < .000
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-arpc=+.48 p < .000
rpc controled for depression as measured with Beck 
Depression Inventory(BDI)


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
rpcPARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning: a partial correlation between happiness and one of the correlates is that correlation, which remains after accounting for the contribution of the other influences, or some of them, to the total variability in the happiness scores.
Under that conditions
rpc > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating,
rpc < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating,
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl