Correlational finding on Happiness and Living in an old age home
Subject code: I02ab06

StudyDeKlerk (2005): study NL 2004
TitleOuderen in Instellingen. (Elderly Living in Institutions).
SourceSocial Cultural Planning Office (SCP), 2005, The Hague, Netherlands
PublicEldery living in institutions, The Netherlands, 2004
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response33%
Respondents N =1158

Correlate
Author's labelEldery living in Institutions
Page in Source 22
Our classificationLiving in an old age home, code I02ab06
Operationalization
a: care home     
b: nursing home
Observed distributionN = a: 578, b: 198
Remarks
Care home (in Dutch 'verzorgingshuis') provides light 
care for fairly independent residents
Nursing home: (in Dutch 'verpleeghuis') provides 
'heavy' care for seriously disabeled residents
Non-response to happiness question:
13% in care homes
22% in nursing homes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dDM=1,63 p < .05
care home      M = 3,50 CI95 [3,51-3,65]
nursing home   M = 3,21 CI95 [3,05-3,37]
- difference       0,48 CI95 [0,31-0,65]
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dE=+.03
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dgH=+.21


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with the life you currently lead?
5 extraordinary satisfied
4 very satisfied
3 satisfied
2 fairly satisfied
1 not very satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
ECORRELATION RATIO (Elsewhere sometimes called h or ETA)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal or ordinal, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning: correlate is accountable for E x 100 % of the variation in happiness.
E = 0 knowledge of the correlate value does not improve the prediction quality of the happiness rating.
E = 1 knowledge of the correlate value enables an exact prediction of the happiness rating
gHHedges's COEFFICIENT FOR GROUP DIFFERENCES
Type: descriptive statistic only
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range (theoretical): unlimited

Meaning: effect size indicator for difference of means.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl