### Correlational finding on Happiness and Formally-married vs living-as-marriedSubject code: M02aa07

 Study Veenhoven (1983): study LU 1975 Title The Growing Impact of Marriage. Source Social Indicators Research, 1983, Vol. 12, 49 - 63 URL http://hdl.handle.net/1765/16128 DOI DOI:10.1007/BF00428860 Public 16+ aged, general public, Luxembourg, 1975 Sample Probability multi-stage cluster sample Non-Response Respondents N = 306

 Correlate Author's label Marital status Page in Source 57 Our classification Formally-married vs living-as-married, code M02aa07 Operationalization a: married b: living as married c: never married d: separated divorced e: widowed

 Observed Relation with Happiness HappinessMeasure Statistics Elaboration/Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ab DM= a: M = 5.50 CI95 [5.01 - 5.99] b: n.a. c: M = 5.06 CI95 [4.35 - 5.77] d: M = 6.00 CI95 [-0.80 - 12.80] e: M = 3.10 CI95 [1.92 - 4.29] O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ab BMCT= p < .05 d > a > c > e

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
 Code Full Text O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ab Selfreport on single question:Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are...? 3 very happy2 fairly happy 1 not too happy

Appendix 2: Statistics used
 Symbol Explanation BMCT BONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TESTType: statistical procedureMeasurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: metricMeaning: if the correlate is measured at c levels, the c mean happiness values can be ranked from low to high. A multiple comparison procedure judges for each of the ½c(c-1) pairs whether or not they differ significantly. A convenient way to represent the results is by ranking the c means and by underlining them in such a way that means which have a common underlining do NOT differ significantly.When added by us, this test is performed at the 95% confidence level for all the differences together. DM DIFFERENCE of MEANSType: descriptive statistic only.Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metricRange: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl