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Correlational findings

Study Brenner (1970): study US 1960

Public:
Highschool pupils, New York State, USA, 1960
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 5204
Non Response:
1%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Correlate

Authors's label
Tending to be a lonely person
Our Classification
Operationalization
Closed question: not lonely / fairly lonely / very lonely.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-4-b G = -.68 Unaffected by sex

After control for:
- usual mood                        : Gs = -.56
- having fun in life                : Gs = -.50
- frequency of low mood             : Gs = -.62
- tending to be a discouraged person: Gs = -.60
- anxiety symptoms                  : Gs = -.66
A-AOL-g-sq-v-5-a G = -.31 Males       : G = -.55
Females     : G = -.49
A-AOL-g-sq-v-5-a G = -.31 Males       : G = -.55
Females     : G = -.49
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-b V = .32 p < .01 A-AOL-g-sq-v-5-a V = .23 p < .01