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Correlational findings

Study Brenner (1970): study US 1960

Public:
Highschool pupils, New York State, USA, 1960
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 5204
Non Response:
1%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Correlate

Authors's label
Self-esteem
Our Classification
Operationalization
10-item index (Guttman scale) of agree/ disagree statements on feeling to be a person of worth, having a number of good qualities, feeling to be a fail- ure, being able to do things as well as most other people, not having much to be proud of, positive attitude towards oneself, satisfaction with oneself, lack of self-respect, feeling useless at times, being no good at all (Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale; see Rosenberg, 1965).

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-4-b G = +.42 After control for:
- participation in extracurricular
  activities                        : Gs = +.41
- social class                      : Gs = +.42

Stronger in lower class             : G  = +.48
After control for participation in
extracurricular activities         : Gs = +.42
Lower in middle and upper class     : G  = +.42
After control for participation in
extracurricular activities         : Gs = +.40
A-AOL-g-sq-v-5-a G = +.36 O-HL-u-sq-v-4-b V = .20 p < .01 A-AOL-g-sq-v-5-a V = .19 p < .01