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Correlational findings

Study Brenner (1970): study US 1960

Public:
Highschool pupils, New York State, USA, 1960
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 5204
Non Response:
1%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Correlate

Authors's label
Frequency of low mood
Our Classification
Operationalization
Closed question on feeling downcast and dejected never / rarely / occasionally / fairly often / very often.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-4-b G = -.56 After control for:
- having fun in life and usual mood : Gs = -.40
- having fun in life                : Gs = -.44
- usual moods                       : Gs = -.44
- tending to be a discouraged person: Gs = -.47
- tending to be a lonely person     : Gs = -.44
- anxiety symptom                   : Gs = -.54
- social class                      : Gs = -.56

Stronger among females              : G  = -.61
Lower among males                   : G  = -.54

A-AOL-g-sq-v-5-a G = -.49 Unaffected by sex O-HL-u-sq-v-4-b V = .31 p < .01 A-AOL-g-sq-v-5-a V = .27 p < .01