Correlational findings

Study Seidlitz & Diener (1993): study US 1988

Psychology undergraduate, students, University of Illinois, USA, 198?
N = 420
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Questionnaire completed in class


Authors's Label
Current mood
Our Classification
Single direct question, rated on a 11-point scale: "How happy or unhappy do you feel at the present moment?"

10. extremely happy
    (ecstatic, joyous, fantastic)
9. very happy
    (really good, elated)
8. pretty happy
    (spirits high, feeling good)
7. mildly happy
    (faily good, somewhat cheerfull)
6. slightly happy
    (just a bit above neutral)
5. neutral
    (not particularly happy or unhappy)
4. slightly unhappy
    (just a bit below neutral)
3. mildly unhappy
    (just a little low)
2. pretty unhappy
    (somewhat 'blue', spirits down)
1. very unhappy
    (depressed, spirits very low)
0. extremely unhappy
    (utterly depressed, completely     down)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-AOL-g-sq-v-11-a r = +.40 Both happiness and mood rated on the same response-scale. Only difference is in the time-frame in the lead-question: respectively 'average happiness' and 'at the present moment'.