Correlational findings

Study Seidlitz & Diener (1993): study US 1988 /2

Psychology students, selected for earlier happiness, followed 11 month, USA, 198?-8?
N = 54
Non Response
Drop-out: T0-T1: 28%, T1-T2: 41%
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Questionnaire completed in class


Authors's Label
Current mood
Our Classification
Single direct question, rated on a 11 point scale: "How happy or unhappy do you feel at the present moment?"
10. extremely happy
    (ecstatic, joyous,fantastic)
9.  very happy
    (really good, elated)
8.  pretty happy
    (spirits high, feeling good)
7.  mildly happy
    (fairly good and somewhat cheerful)
6.  slightly happy
    (just a bit above neutral)
5.  neutral
    (not particularly happy or unhappy)
4.  slightly unhappy
    (just a bit below neutral)
3.  mildly unhappy
    (just a litle low)
2.  pretty unhappy
    (somewhat "blue", spirits down)
1.  very unhappy
    (depressed, spirits very low)
0.  extremely unhappy
    (utterly depressed, completely        down)

Part of Fordyce's (1988) 'Happiness-Measure'

Assessed at T1 and T2
(11 month interval)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-AOL-g-mq-*-*-a r = +.54 p < .001 T1 happiness with T1 mood
A-AOL-g-sq-v-11-a r = +.22 A-AOL-g-mq-*-*-a r = +.42 p < .01 T1 happiness with T2 mood
A-AOL-g-mq-*-*-a r = +.45 p < .01 T2 happiness with T1 mood
A-AOL-g-mq-*-*-a r = +.58 p < .001 T2 happiness with T2 mood