Correlational findings

Study Moller (1988a): study ZA 1983

Ex-migrant workers, returned to rural KwaZulu, South Africa, 1983
N = 253
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's label
Our Classification
Index consisting of the following items(shortened):
A: Those who are successful in life
   generally made plans and arranged
   things in advance (+)
B: A boy learns deepest and most
   profound truth from older people(-)
C: The more things a man possesses the
   happier he is (+)
D: The traditional way of growing mais
   is the best(-)
E: A community leader should be well  
   liked and well educated(+)
F: Respect for old people does not
   damage (-)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-d r = -.10 p < .05 O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-d Beta = +.13 p < .05 ß controlled for:
- Satisfied with health
- Voluntary retirement
- More active perso
- No pension income
- Has a confidant
- Higher standard house
- Community elder
- Satisfied with job while working
- Enjoys aspects of retirement
- Retired suddenly
- Is happy as grandparents were              
- Agrees:planning is key to success
- Preference for entrepreneurship in retirement