Correlational findings

Study Moller (1989): study ZA 1983 /1

Ex-migrant workers, returned to rural KwaZulu, South Africa, 1983
N = 253
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Planning is key to succes in life
Our Classification
Direction of correlation unclear in original report. Sign in table is negative, but text indicates positive relationship. Present version approved by author.
'Some people say that those who are successfulin life have generally made plans and arranged things in advance so that they would turn out well'.
0: Disagrees
1: Agrees

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-d r = +.34 p < .01 O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-d Beta = +.23 p < .05 All
ß controlled for:
- Satisfied with health
- Voluntary retirement
- More active person
- No pension income
- Has a confidant
- Higher standard income
- Community elder
- Satisfied with job while working
- Enjoys aspects of retirement
- Retired suddenly
- Is happy as grandparents were
- Preference for entrepreneurship in retirement
- Higher modernity score
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-d Beta = +.16 p < .05 65+ years old
ß controlled for:
- Satisfied with health
- Grows cash crop
- Voluntary retirement
- Need to purchase maize
- Owns cattle
- Keeps chicken
- Satisfied with job while working
- Feels relatively young
- Retired suddenly