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Correlational findings

Study Moller (1988a): study ZA 1983

Public:
Ex-migrant workers, returned to rural KwaZulu, South Africa, 1983
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 253
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Activity index
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self report on open question:'Which of the following activities do you often,seldom, never?':
a Walk to places
b Visit friends
c Drink with friends
d Work on your land
e Do odd jobs
f Go to the shops/market
g Go to town
h Just sit and think about things
i Engage in religious activities/
  go to church meetings
j Attend community meetings
k Play games
l Do handcrafts
m Go to parties, feasts, weddings, funerals, etc.

Coded:
0: low
1: high

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-d r = -.30 p < .01 O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a r = +.35 p < .01 All O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a Beta = +.12 p < .01 All
ß controlled for:
- Satisfied with health
- Higher affluence rating
- Need to purchase maize
- Grows cash crop
- Religious traditionalist
- Has a confidant
- Keeps goats
- Higher monthly income
- Worked for many years in jobs
- Retired for many years
- No desire to return to work
- Agrees: Modern community leader
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-d Beta = -.06 ns ß controlled for:
- Satisfied with health
- Voluntary retirement
- No pension income
- Has a confidant
- Higher standard income
- Community elder
- Satisfied with job while working
- Enjoys aspects of retirement
- Retired suddenly
- Is happy as grandparents were
- Agrees:planning is key to success
- Preference for entrepreneurship in retirement
- Higher modernity score
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a Beta = +.29 p < .01 65+ years old
ß controlled for:
- Seldom restricted by poor health
- Higher affluence rating
- Need to purchase maize
- Grows cash crop
- Religious traditionalist
- Keeps chicken
- Has a confidant
- Higher standard house
- Keeps goats  
- Larger size field
- Higher monthly income
- No desire to return to work