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Correlational findings

Study Moller (1988a): study ZA 1983

Public:
Ex-migrant workers, returned to rural KwaZulu, South Africa, 1983
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 253
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Monthly cash income
Our Classification
Operationalization
0: below median
1: above median

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-d r = +.27 p < .01 Direction of correlation unclear in original report. Sign in table is negative, but text indicates positive relationship. Present version approved by author. O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a r = +.39 p < .01 All O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a Beta = +.12 p < .01 All
ß controlled for:
- Satisfied with health
- Higher affluence rating
- Need to purchase maize
- Grows cash crop
- Religious traditionalist
- Has a confidant
- Keeps goats
- More active person
- Worked for many years in jobs
- Retired for many years
- No desire to return to work
- Agrees: Modern community leader
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a Beta = +.16 p < .05 65+ years old
ß controlled for:
- Seldom restricted by poor health
- Higher affluence rating
- Need to purchase maize
- Grows cash crop
- Religious traditionalist
- More active person
- Keeps chicken
- Has a confidant
- Higher standard house
- Keeps goats
- Larger size field
- No desire to return to work
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a Beta = +.13 p < .05 -65 years old
ß controlled for:
- Satisfied with health
- Religious traditionalist
- Grows cash crop
- Feels land is secure    
- Retired for many years
- Worked for many years in jobs
- No desire to return to work
- Achieved/confident of becoming wealthy