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Correlational findings

Study Moller (1988a): study ZA 1983

Public:
Ex-migrant workers, returned to rural KwaZulu, South Africa, 1983
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 253
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Pension income
Our Classification
Operationalization
0: yes
1: no
(Retirees must pass a means test in order too qualify for old age pensions:
so the well-to-do don't have a pension)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-d r = -.10 p < .05 All O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a r = -.07 ns O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-d Beta = -.12 p < .05 All
ß controlled for:
- Satisfied with health
- Voluntary retirement
- More active person
- Has a confidant
- Higher standard income
- Community elder
- Satisfied with job while working
- Enjoys aspects of retirement
- Retired suddenly
- Is happy as grandparents were
- Agrees:planning is key to success
- Preference for entrepreneurship in retirement
- Higher modernity score
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-d Beta = -.21 p < .01 -65 years of age
ß controlled for:
- Satisfaction with health
- Perceived financial adequacy
- Community elder
- Has a confidant
- Looked forward to retirement
- Is happy as grandparents were
- Aged gradually