Correlational findings

Study Moller (1988a): study ZA 1983

Ex-migrant workers, returned to rural KwaZulu, South Africa, 1983
N = 253
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's label
Type of house
Our Classification
Direction of correlation unclear in original report. Sign in table is negative, but text indicates positive relationship. Present version approved by author.
0: Doub house, hut
1: Brick/concrete house

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Special Research Type Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-d r = +.34 p < .01 none All O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a r = +.40 p < .01 none All
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a Beta = +.12 ns none 65+ years old
ß controlled for:
- Seldom restricted by poor health
- Higher affluence rating
- Need to purchase maize
- Grows cash crop
- Religious traditionalist
- More active person
- Keeps chicken
- Has a confidant
- Keeps goats  
- Larger size field
- Higher monthly income
- No desire to return to work
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-d Beta = +.06 ns none All
ß controlled for:
- Satisfied with health
- Voluntary retirement
- More active person
- No pension income
- Has a confidant
- Community elder
- Satisfied with job while working
- Enjoys aspects of retirement
- Retired suddenly
- Is happy as grandparents were
- Agrees:planning is key to success
- Preference for entrepreneurship in retirement
- Higher modernity score