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Correlational findings

Study Moller (1988a): study ZA 1983

Public:
Ex-migrant workers, returned to rural KwaZulu, South Africa, 1983
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 253
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Need to purchase maize
Our Classification
Operationalization
0: self-supporting
1: need to buy (not self-supporting)

Peasants are typically self-supporting
in maize, whereas market oriented farmers buy it.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-d r = +.29 p < .01 All
              
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a r = -.43 p < .01 All O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a Beta = -.14 p < .01 All
ß controlled for:
- Satisfied with health
- Higher affluence rating
- Grows cash crop
- Religious traditionalist
- Has a confidant
- Keeps goats
- Higher monthly income
- More active person
- Worked for many years in jobs
- Retired for many years
- No desire to return to work
- Agrees: Modern community leader
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-d Beta = +.03 ns 65+ years old
ß controlled for:
- Satisfied with health
- Grows cash crop
- Voluntary retirement  
- Owns cattle
- Keeps chicken
- Satisfied with job while working
- Feels relatively young
- Retired suddenly               
- Agrees:planning is key to success
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a Beta = -.17 p < .01 65+ years old
ß controlled for:
- Seldom restricted by poor health
- Higher affluence rating
- Grows cash crop
- Religious traditionalist
- More active person
- Keeps chicken
- Has a confident
- Higher standard house
- Keeps goats  
- Larger size field
- Higher monthly income
- No desire to return to work