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Correlational findings

Study Moller (1989): study ZA 1983 /1

Public:
Ex-migrant workers, returned to rural KwaZulu, South Africa, 1983
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 253
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Need to purchase maize
Our Classification
Remarks
Landowners only Direction of correlation unclear in original report. Sign in table is negative, but text indicates positive relationship. Present version approved by author.
Operationalization
0: self-supporting
1: need to buy (not self-supporting)

Peasants are typically self-supporting
in maize, whereas market oriented farmers buy it.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-d r = +.29 p < .01 All
              
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a r = -.43 p < .01 All O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a Beta = -.14 p < .01 All
ß controlled for:
- Satisfied with health
- Higher affluence rating
- Grows cash crop
- Religious traditionalist
- Has a confidant
- Keeps goats
- Higher monthly income
- More active person
- Worked for many years in jobs
- Retired for many years
- No desire to return to work
- Agrees: Modern community leader
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-d Beta = +.03 ns 65+ years old
ß controlled for:
- Satisfied with health
- Grows cash crop
- Voluntary retirement  
- Owns cattle
- Keeps chicken
- Satisfied with job while working
- Feels relatively young
- Retired suddenly               
- Agrees:planning is key to success
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a Beta = -.17 p < .01 65+ years old
ß controlled for:
- Seldom restricted by poor health
- Higher affluence rating
- Grows cash crop
- Religious traditionalist
- More active person
- Keeps chicken
- Has a confident
- Higher standard house
- Keeps goats  
- Larger size field
- Higher monthly income
- No desire to return to work