print

Correlational findings

Study Bachman et al. (1978): study US 1966 /1

Public:
Public highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 2213
Non Response:
2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Interviews, tests and questionnaires

Correlate

Authors's label
Self-esteem
Our Classification
Operationalization
10-item index at T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 of closed questions on being worthwile as a person, having good qualities, being as able as others, not being proud of oneself, having a positive attitude towards oneself, feeling no good at all, being a useful guy, feeling one can't do anything right, doing a job well, having a not very useful life (items from Rosenberg, 1965, and Cobb, 1966)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HP-g-mq-v-5-a tau = + p < .001                 Self-esteem
          T1     T2     T3     T4     T5
Happiness
T1       +.57   +.38   +.34   +.33   +.22 T2       +.37   +.58   +.44   +.40   +.28
T3       +.31   +.43   +.61   +.46   +.30
T4       +.29   +.38   +.44   +.60   +.33
All tau's significant (001)
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970, T5:1974