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Correlational findings

Study Goodhart (1985): study US 1983

Public:
Students in stress, followed 8 weeks, Illinois, USA, 1983
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 173
Non Response:
1.7% dropout
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Questionnaire administered in class. T1: pretest, T2: post- test; after 8 weeks.

Correlate

Authors's label
Positive thinking
Our Classification
  • COPING Current coping Current coping-style
  • PERSONALITY: HISTORY Earlier personality traits Earlier positive thinking
  • PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS Positive reacting
Operationalization
Ss were invited to think of a stressful event in the recent past and then completed a 46-item event-outcome- appraisal questionnaire (Goodhart 1981); 20 items in this questionnaire described positive outcomes.
 Typical items are:
 Self-relevant items:
 1. I developed greater trust in my
    judgments of situations or people.
 2. I modified personal or career goals
    to more closely match my true
    interests, abilities or values.
 3. By coping with events, I gained
    confidence in my ability to handle
    other difficulties.
 Externally relevant items:
 1. I learned to consider others' advice
    when planning career or personal
    development goals.
 2. I discovered I could rely on others
    for help in getting through
    difficulties.
 3. Others became more sympathetic
    toward my situation or difficulties.
 Positive thinking assessed at T1.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-DT-u-sq-v-7-a Beta = +.29 T1 positive thinking by T1 happiness.
 -Self relevant thinking:         ß=+.34 (001)
 -Externally relevant thinking:   ß=+.00 (ns)     
 ß's controlled for T1 negative thinking.
 
 
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-a Beta = +.06 T1 positive thinking by T2 happiness.
 -Self relevant thinking:         ß=+.00 (ns)   
 -Externally relevant thinking:   ß=+.14 (ns)
 ß's controlled for T1 negative thinking.