- 15-60 aged, general public, followed 12 month, The Netherlands, 1967-77
- N = 296
- Non Response:
- Authors's label
- Psycho-social burdens
- Our Classification
- Major prolonged burdening problems as assessed in a structured interview.
1. Strictly personal problems like
strong feelings of loneliness, fear,
depression or inferiority.
2. Interpersonal problems like
unsatisfactory sexual relation with
partner or permanent quarrels with
3. Health problems like chronic heart-
disease or prolonged revalidation.
4. Housing problems like too little
space or bad condition of the house.
5. Problems in the jobsituation like
too much overtime, working in shifts
or doing work for which got no
6. Financial problems like high
mortgage rates or having to pay
7. Abnormal behaviour like alcoholism.
or problems with the law.
Problems were scored for burdeningness on a 7-point scale by an expert-panel on the basis of interview-protocols. Social and economic background of the Ss were taken into account.
Problems were separated into two categories, according to the origin of the burden.
a SELF INDUCED BURDENS
- The event or the problem is caused
by a voluntary action of the
subject, like marriage or buying a
- The event is caused by evident
inadequate psychic functioning like
a road accident caused by careless
b EXTERNALLY INDUCED BURDENS
The event or the problem is not
caused by voluntary action of the
subject like death of a family-
Assessed at T2(1976)
Observed Relation with Happiness
ßL path coefficient in a LISREL model, also involving neuroticism, selfesteem, internal control, intimacy with partner, adequacy of coping and externally-induced burdens.
Self-induced burdens are related to:
- Adequacy of coping (ßL=-.40), which on its turn
is related to internal control (ßL=+.15), self-
esteem(ßL=+.16) and neuroticism (ßL=-.18).
- Intimacy with partner (ßL=-.24),which on its
turn is related to internal control (ßL=+.13)
and neuroticism (ßL=-.23).
- Neuroticism (ßL=+.33)
- Internal control (ßL=-.22)
Simplified LISREL model (omitting intimacy and adequacy of coping)
EXTERNALLY INDUCED BURDENS
ßL path coefficient in a LISREL model, also involving neuroticism, selfesteem, internal control, intimacy with partner, adequacy of coping and self-induced burdens.
Externally induced burdens are related to internal control (ßL=-.28)
Simplified model(ommitting intimacy and adequacy of coping)