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Correlational findings

Study Palmore & Kivett (1977): study US 1968

Public:
46+ aged whites, followed 2 years, USA, 1968-1972/74
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 378
Non Response:
Assessment:
Multiple methods
Whole-day interviews, tests and examinations

Correlate

Authors's label
Productive hours
Our Classification
Operationalization
Number of hours spent during the last typical week working or doing housework; doing volunteer work for church, relatives, yard, care, repairing and other such activities.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-10-ca r = +.10 p < .05 T1 productive hours by T1 life satisfaction C-BW-c-sq-l-10-ca Beta = +.05 ns C-BW-c-sq-l-10-ca r = +.09 ns T1 productive hours by T2 life satisfaction C-BW-c-sq-l-10-ca Beta = +.04 ns C-BW-c-sq-l-10-ca r = +.03 ns T1 productive hours by T3 life satisfaction. C-BW-c-sq-l-10-ca Beta = +.01 ns Beta's controled for:
- selfrated health
- sexual enjoyment
- social activity hours
- organizational activity
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-ca Beta = ns T1 productive hours by T1-T3 CHANGE in happiness, Change happiness measured controling T3 happiness for T1 happiness C-BW-c-sq-l-10-ca Beta = T1 productive hours by T2-T3 CHANGE in happiness, change happiness measured controling T3 happiness for T1 happiness