print

Correlational findings

Study Ormel (1980): study NL 1970

Public:
15-60 aged, general public, followed 12 month, The Netherlands, 1967-77
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 296
Non Response:
18%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Correlate

Authors's label
Internal control
Our Classification
Operationalization
External vs internal control.
12-item a additive index rated on a 3-point scale. Shortened version of
Rotter(1966) Scale.
Typical questions are:
- Whether people like you or not is
  something you can't influence.
- I seldom feel myself victim of
  circumstances.
Assessed at T2(1976)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-c r = +.24 p < .01 T2 happiness by T2 internal control A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-c r = +.33 p < .01 T3 happiness by T2 internal control

A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-c Beta-L = +.17 T2 happiness by T2 internal control.
ßL path coefficient in a LISREL model, also involving neuroticism, selfesteem, intimacy with partner, adequacy of coping and self- and externally induced burdens.
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-c Beta-L = +.28 T3 happiness by T3 internal control.
ßL path coefficient in a LISREL model, also involving neuroticism, selfesteem and quality of life.
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-c Beta-L = +.21 T2 happiness by T2 internal control.
ßL path coefficient in a LISREL model, also involving neuroticism, selfesteem, unhappy childhood and traumatic childhood experiences.