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Correlational findings

Study Bachman et al. (1978): study US 1966

Public
Public highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample
Respondents
N =
Non Response
2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Assessment
Multiple assesment methods
Interviews, tests and questionnaires

Correlate

Authors's Label
Academic achievement value
Our Classification
Remarks
Assessed at T1, T2 and T3
Operationalization
Selfreport on 4 questions that indicate the extent to which the respondent considers it to be "a good thing" to demonstrate behavior indicative of academic achievement.
a: "studying constantly in order to become a well-educated person
b: working hard to achieve academic honors; c: striving to get the top grade-point average in the group
d: studying hard to get good grades in school
1 = low
;
6 = high in academic achievement value

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HP-g-mq-v-5-a tau = + s               Academic achievement value
Happiness     T1          T2          T3
T1     tau = +.26 (001)  +.15 (001)  +.15 (001)
T2     tau = +.16 (001)  +.22 (001)  +.14 (001)
T3     tau = +.12 (01)   +.18 (001)  +.25 (001)
T4     tau = +.10 (01)   +.13 (001)  +.18 (001)
All tau's significant
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970