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Correlational findings

Study Bachman et al. (1978): study US 1966

Public:
Public highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1628
Non Response:
2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Assessment:
Multiple methods
Interviews, tests and questionnaires

Correlate

Authors's label
School attitudes
Our Classification
Operationalization
Positive and negative school attitudes were measured at T1, T2 and T3. Positive school attitude: a mean of
15 items which stress the intrinsic value of education; scale: 1.00 = low (education has little value) to 4.00 = high (education has high value)
Negative school attitude: a mean of 8
items indicating the respondent's negative or avoidance attitudes toward school. Scale: 1.00 = low negativity;
4.00 = high negativity

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HP-g-mq-v-5-a tau = p < .001               Positive school attitudes
Happiness     T1        T2        T2
T1      tau = +.41      +.27      +.25
T2      tau = +.33      +.39      +.32
T3      tau = +.23      +.27      +.37
T4      tau = +.20      +.23      +.27
All tau's significant (001)

              Negative school attitudes
Happiness     T1        T2        T3
T1        _ = -.25      -.21      -.22
T2        _ = -.21      -.26      -.23
T3        _ = -.17      -.18      -.27
T4        _ = -.18      -.16      -.19
All _ significant (001)
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970