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Correlational findings

Study Fischer (1973): study US 1968

Public:
Adults, varying age ranges, general public, USA, 1968
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1440
Non Response:
-
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Correlate

Authors's label
Community size
Our Classification
Operationalization
1 Out of SMSA
  a. rural
  b. town
2 In SMSA
  a. ring
  b. center
3 Large SMSA
  a. ring
  b. center

(SMSA short for Standard Metropolitan Statisical Area)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-a tb = -.07 p < .01 1a. M'=2.19
1b. M'=2.12
2a. M'=2.18
2b. M'=2.06
3a. M'=2.14
3b. M'=2.00  (M' 1-3)

Stronger among migrants and among the well-to-do. U-shaped curve among those who lived in communi- ties of the same size as they were raised in: Those living in a SMSA being least happy.

When those living in a SMSA were compared with those living in a large SMSA; _ = -.06 (ns).
Those living in the center of towns and cities were less happy than those living in the outskirts: _ = -.07 (001).
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-a r = -.06 p < .05 O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-a Beta = -.05 p < .05 ß controling: income, education, occupation, race, age, religion, stage in life-cycle, region of birth, fathers occupational status