Correlational findings

Study Tuddenham (1962): study US 1938

Senior high-school pupils, followed into adulthood, USA, 1938-53
N = 92
Non Response:
Questionnaire: paper
In adolescence and adulthood.


Authors's label
Personal morale_A
Our Classification
Single direct question: "Is it fun to be alive?"
4. I enjoy life so much that it is   really just fun to be alive
3. There are only a few things in life   that are really dis appointing
2. There are many things in life that
   are really disappointing
1. Sometimes life seems just a series   of disappointments

Assessed at:
- T1 (1938)
- T2 (1953)
(25 year interval)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-W-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.10 ns males C-W-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.19 ns females

Temporal shift:
C-W-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = .06 males    T1:  M=3.21  Mt'=7.35 C-W-u-sq-v-4-a Chi² = + ns            T2:  M=3.25  Mt'=7.49 C-W-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = .00 females  T1:  M=3.18  Mt'=7.25 C-W-u-sq-v-4-a Chi² = + ns          T2:  M=3.18  Mt'=7.25

Fewer adults than adolescents say to enjoy life
(score 4), but also fewer emphasize disappointments (scores 2 and 1)