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Correlational findings

Study Mussen et al. (1980): study US 1930

Public:
Mothers, followed from age 30 to 70, Berkeley, USA, 1930-70
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 81
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Extensive interviews between age 30 and 70

Correlate

Authors's label
Cheerfulness
Our Classification
Operationalization
Rating of cheerfulness (vs gloomy) on 7 point scales by independent interviewers.

T1 (1930): Ratings by two interviewers:
   - Clinical psychologist on the
     basis of an interview
   - Social worker on the basis of
     observations at home and during
     tests of the child at university.
   Inter-rater agreement: r=+.59
T2 (1970): Rating by one interviewer on    the basis of an extensive interview

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-CP-g-fi-n-7-a r = +.28 p < .05 Guidance group (N=53)
A-CP-g-fi-n-7-a r = +.27 ns Control group (N=28)



A-CP-g-fi-n-7-a DMt = 0 T1:  M=3.7  SD=1.1  Mt'=4.51
T2:  M=3.7  Sd=1.2  Mt'=4.51