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Correlational findings

Study Strack et al. (1985): study XZ Germany West 1983 /1

Public:
Students, West Germany, 1983
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 64
Non Response:
-
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Correlate

Authors's label
Positive reminiscence
Our Classification
Operationalization
Subjects were asked to think about past life and to write down either a positive and pleasant, or a negative and unpleasant event. Both groups had the same restricted number of lines for the descriptions.

EXPERIMENTAL VARIATIONS
-How: describe in detail how the event
occured ("How" being emphasized)
-Why: give three accounts of why the
event occured ("Why" being emphasized)

Next, subjects were asked to rate their happiness.
Lastly, subjects were asked to indicate the degree to which they had been searching for causes and reasons (0) or imagined the course of the event vividly (9). Result: subjects generated more vivid descriptions in "How" than in "Why" variation.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-Sum-u-mq-n-11-a DMt = Happiness scores after thinking about POSITIVE EVENT
-in "Why" variation  Mt=6.8 a
-in "How" variation  Mt=7.2 a
NEGATIVE EVENT
-in "Why" variation  Mt=7.9 a
-in "How" variation  Mt=5.3 b

Means sharing a common subscript do not differ significantly (05) on a directional t-test.

The effects are largely mediated by momentaneous mood.