Correlational findings

Study Herzog et al. (1982): study US 1975

50+ aged, general public, USA, 1975
N = 410
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face
at home and activity-diary kept 24 h. before the interview


Authors's label
Personal care activity
Our Classification
During 24-hour period prior to the interview, respondents reported each activity they engaged in (PARTICIPATION) and the time spend on each activity (DURATION) on an activity diary. Activities were coded into categories, one of which was "personal care" including sleeping and napping.

Work status was measured by self-labeling by respondents and a question about engagement in work for pay at present. Self-labeled housewives were excluded.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-DT-u-sq-v-7-a r = .00 ns DURATION:       working males O-DT-u-sq-v-7-a r = -.03 ns                 retired males O-DT-u-sq-v-7-a r = -.05 ns                 working females O-DT-u-sq-v-7-a r = -.19 ns                 retired females O-DT-u-sq-v-7-a Beta = -.02 ns                 working males O-DT-u-sq-v-7-a Beta = +.03 ns                 retired males O-DT-u-sq-v-7-a Beta = -.04 ns                 working females O-DT-u-sq-v-7-a Beta = -.18 ns                 retired females
ß controlled for self-reported health, income and age. Relations with 'participation' also controled for 'duration' and relations with 'duration' also for participation.