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Correlational findings

Study Schaefer & Bayley (1963): study US 1929

Public:
Children followed from age 0 to 18, Berkeley, California, USA, 1929-47
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 54
Non Response:
13% drop-outs (7 children and their mothers)
Assessment:
Multiple methods
Behavioral observation and interviews

Correlate

Authors's label
Later characteristics (at 12-18 yearsof age)
Our Classification
Operationalization
Ratings by two judges on the basis of notes from observations in test situations at different ages.
Ratings were made by means of 96 adjective scales (7-point), which were clustered
afterwards.

a. Timid, compliant, inhibited, lacks confidence.

b. Courteous, conscientious, dependable,
respectful, conservative.

c. Tactful, calm, contented, appreciative, considerate, patient, refined in taste.

d. Friendly, cheerful

e. Social in situation, natural

f. Independent, talkative, assertive, takes initiative, outgoing.

g. Bold, boastful, excitable, impulsive, pleasure-loving, distractible, uninhibited, show-off.

h. Irritable, domineering, pugnacious, noisy, demanding, not dependable.

i. Rude, critical, opinionated, complains, defiant.

j. Hostile, destructive

k. Cold, suspicious, unfriendly

l. Reserved, uncommunicative.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-CP-mi-tsb-n-7-a = Happiness (hedonic level) was rated on 12 times between months 10-36 of age.
Ratings combined: months 10 + 11 + 12 / 13 + 14 + 15 / 18 + 21 + 24 / 27 + 30 + 36.

Boys only (n = 21)

              Months   Months   Months   Month
              10-12    13-15    18-24    27-36
A-CP-mi-tsb-n-7-a mr = -.21 a.timid      
              .15(ns) -.16(ns) -.30(ns) .24(ns)
A-CP-mi-tsb-n-7-a mr = +.01 b.courteous
             .12(ns) -.11(ns) +.04(ns) -.02(ns)
A-CP-mi-tsb-n-7-a mr = +.05 c.tactfull
            +.14(ns) -.08(ns) +.12(ns) +.02(ns)
A-CP-mi-tsb-n-7-a mr = +.15 d.friendly
            +.16(ns) +.10(ns) +.27(ns) +.06(ns)
A-CP-mi-tsb-n-7-a mr = +.17 e.social
            +.16(ns) +.11(ns) +.34(ns) +.05(ns)
A-CP-mi-tsb-n-7-a mr = +.28 f.independent
            +.27(ns) +.26(ns) +.36(ns) +.22(ns)
A-CP-mi-tsb-n-7-a mr = +.10 g.bold
            +.00(ns) +.13(ns) +.17(ns) +.09(ns)
A-CP-mi-tsb-n-7-a mr = -.01 h.irritable
            -.11(ns) +.02(ns) +.05(ns) +.01(ns)
A-CP-mi-tsb-n-7-a mr = +.13 i.rude
            +.03(ns) +.08(ns) +.16(ns) +.26(ns)
A-CP-mi-tsb-n-7-a mr = -.01 j.hostile
            -.12(ns) +.07(ns) -.07(ns) +.09(ns)
A-CP-mi-tsb-n-7-a mr = -.03 k.cold
            -.18(ns) +.05(ns) -.18(ns) +.17(ns)
A-CP-mi-tsb-n-7-a mr = -.07 l.reserved
            -.14(ns) +.02(ns) -.18(ns) +.02(ns)