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Correlational findings

Study Bortner & Hultsch (1974): study US 1959

Public:
21+ aged, general public, USA, 1959
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1294
Non Response:
17% incomplete information
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Type of deprivation
Our Classification
Operationalization
Ss were classified on the basis of present-self, past-self and future-self ratings using the Cantril (1965) question on "best possible life".
(See CANTR 1965)

TD  temporary deprivation:
    present lower than past: future
    higher than present

CD  continuous deprivation:
    present lower than past: future
    lower than present

GED great expectative deprivation:
    present higher than past: future
    higher than present

SND Stereotyped non-deprivation:
    present higher than past: future
    slightly higher than present

AD  anticipatory deprivation:
    present higher than past: future
    lower than present.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-RG-h-sq-l-11-a DM = + Non-significant differences between TD and CD, between CD and GED and between SND and AD. Other differences are significant (05). O-SLP-c-sq-l-11-a DM = + Non-significant differences between TD and CD, and between GED, SND and AD. Other differences are significant (05).