- University students white, middle-class, State University of New-York, USA,197?
- N = 133
- Non Response:
Questionnaire administered in class at two consecutive days.
- Authors's label
- Pollyannaism: optimism about future
- Our Classification
- Difference between selfratings of "future happiness" and "present happiness" on Cantril's Ladder of Life Scale.(see CANTR 1965)