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Correlational findings

Study Veenhoven (1984): study ZZ EU 9 1975

Public:
15+ aged, general public, EU 9 member states, Western Europe, 1975
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 12996
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Correlate

Authors's label
Political protest
Our Classification
Operationalization
Index of 'Collective protest'
(Hibbs: 1973), consists of 3 items:
incidence of:
1. riots;
2. anti-government demonstrations;
3. political strikes.
Data drawn from Hibbs (1973:tabel 5.2).

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HV---sq-vt-3-a r = -.62 p < .05                   M happiness    Rate of protest
Great Britain        1.95             5.1
France               1.89             5.2
W-Germany            1.89             4.5
Italy                1.61             4.9
Belgium              2.27             4.5
The Netherlands      2.22             1.1
Luxembourg           2.03             no data
Denmark              2.54             2.8
Ireland              1.88             1.4