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Correlational findings

Study Veenhoven (1984): study ZZ 1974 /1

Public:
15+ aged, general public, 14 nations and regions, 1974-1976
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 6563
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Conducted by Gallup bureaus in different countries.

Correlate

Authors's label
Liberal democracy
Our Classification
Operationalization
Degree to which the political reality in the various countries matched the ideal of a parliamentary democracy, based on the following indicators:
1.  the constitutional status of the
    regime;
2.  separation between legislative and
    executive powers;
3.  freedom of press;
4.  freedom of opposition;
5.  free elections;
6.  representativeness of the regime;
7.  absence of bans on any political
    party;
8.  existence of a multi party system;
9.  actual interest articulation by
    political parties;
10. actual interest integration in the
    parliament;
11. legislative influence of the
    parliament;
12. dominance of the political leader
    in the country;
13. relative dominance of the biggest
    party;
14. possibilities of opposition and
    coalitions;
15. absence of restrictions for
    minority groups.
Data drawn from Bertand (1981:162).

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-m-11-a r = +.47 p < .05                   Mt happiness   Liberal
                                 democracy
Australia             7.0             40.5
USA                   6.7             38.5
Canada                7.0             37.5
Great Britain         6.8             39.5
France                5.8             35.5
W-Germany             6.6             37.5
Italy                 5.6             39.5
Benelux               6.0             43.1
Scandinavia           7.6             42.2
Brasil                6.2             35.5
Mexico                6.2             25.0
Africa (South
of the Sahara)        4.6              9.3
India                 3.4             36.0
Japan                 5.8             38.5