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Correlational findings

Study Veenhoven (1984): study ZZ 1974 /1

Public:
15+ aged, general public, 14 nations and regions, 1974-1976
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 6563
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Conducted by Gallup bureaus in different countries.

Correlate

Authors's label
Freedom of press
Our Classification
Operationalization
Press freedom rated on the basis of 'the press freedom index' (Missouri School of Journalism) consisting of 23 items rated on a scale from -4 to 4.
Examples of items are:
1. legal controls;
2. favoritism in the release of
   government news;
3. censorship.
Data drawn from Kurian (1979:362).

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-m-11-a r = +.65 p < .005                    Mt happiness    Freedom
                                   of press
Australia             7.0             2.53
USA                   6.7             2.72
Canada                7.0             2.78
Great Britain         6.8             2.37
France                5.8             1.92
W-Germany             6.6             2.43
Italy                 5.6             1.98
Benelux               6.0             2.82
Scandinavia           7.6             2.81
Brasil                6.2             1.25
Mexico                6.2             1.46
Africa (South
of the Sahara)        4.6             0.49
India                 3.4             0.98
Japan                 5.8             2.44