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Correlational findings

Study Veenhoven (1984): study ZZ 1974

Public:
15+ aged, general public, 55 nations, 1974-1976
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 8433
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Conducted by Gallup bureaus in different countries.

Correlate

Authors's label
Absolute poverty
Our Classification
Operationalization
Percentage of people per country living in absolute (extreme) poverty.
Data derived from Kurian (1979:87)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-m-11-a r = -.81 p < .01                   Mt happiness   % Extreme                                           poverty
Australia             7.0                0
North America         6.7                0
Western Europe        6.3                0
Latin America         6.0             ± 10
Africa (South                            
of the Sahara)        4.6             ± 40
Asia (exc. Japan)     3.8             ± 35
Japan                 5.8                0

Happiness is higher in countries where no extreme poverty exists.