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Correlational findings

Study Cohen et al. (1982): study US 1979

Public:
18-55 aged, general public, New York City, 1979
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 602
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Hope
Our Classification
Operationalization
Difference between:
- expected happiness 5 years
  from now
- retrospective happiness 5 years
  ago
Both rated on Cantril 11-step ladder
scale, ranging from best (10) to worst
possible life (0).

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BC-cm-mq-v-4-a r = +.19 p < .01