Correlational findings

Study Cohen et al. (1982): study US 1979

18-55 aged, general public, New York City, 1979
N =
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Our Classification
8-item index of questions on locus of control, pessimism and distrust:
1: it is hard to figure out who you can    really trust these days.
2: the life of teh average person in
   this neighborhood is getting worse.
3: making it is more dependent on luck
   than real ability.
4: these days a person doesn't know he
   can count on.
5: there are so many ideas about what
   is right or wrong these days that
   it is hard to figure out how to
   live your life.
6: too many people in this neighborhood
   are just out for themselves and
   don't really care for anyone else.
7: many people in this neighborhood are
   lonely and unrelated to other human
8: it is almost impossible for one
   person to really understand the
   feelings of another.
Responses rated on a 4-point scale
ranging from "strongly disagree" (1)
to "strongly agree" (0).

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BC-cm-mq-v-4-a r = -.32 p < .01