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Correlational findings

Study Stapel (1988): study NL 1988

Public
18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1988
Sample
Respondents
N =
Non Response
Assessment
Interview: face-to-face
Highly structured interview at home
Data file
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Correlate

Authors's Label
Optimism
Our Classification
Operationalization
Single closed question: "Do you find yourself in general an optimist or a pessimist?"

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-FH-u-sq-v-3-a G = +.65 p < .01