Correlational findings

Study Adler & Golan (1981): study IL 1978

Female telephone operators, working in metropolitan offices, Israel, 1977-78
N = 131
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Followed by attendance observation over the next year.


Authors's Label
Absence from work
Our Classification
Attendance between T1 and T2 (1978) Happiness assessed at T1 (december 1977);
Monthly attendance records, kept by the
company, for each employee for the 12  months of 1978.
A. Lateness: sumscore of:
   a.Number of days late.
   b.Average minutes late per month.
     'Late' is defined as arriving more  than 7 minutes after start of
     scheduled shift.
B. Time late
C. Unexcused absence
   The number of days absent without a    medical excuse.
D. Medical absence
   The number of days the employee was
   absent with a certified medical    excuse.
E. Total absence
   The total number of scheduled work  days
   (excluding vacations or  holidays) that the
    employee did not  appear.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-AO-u-sq-f-7-a r = -.06 ns T1 happiness by T1 to T2 absence (12 months)
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-a r = -.07 ns -Time late M-AO-u-sq-f-7-a r = +.03 ns - unexcused absence M-AO-u-sq-f-7-a r = +.07 ns - medical absence M-AO-u-sq-f-7-a r = +.07 ns Total absence

The correlations between T1 happiness and absence in the last half year of 1978 (6 months) are identical.