Correlational findings

Study Wessman (1956): study US 1946

21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
Survey name:
Gallup poll
N = 2377
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview


Authors's label
Meaning attached to the word "happiness"
Our Classification
Open-ended question: "Will you tell me in your own words what the word "happiness" means to you?
0: Other meanings
1: Meaning mentioned.

a: Contented, being adjusted to one's surrounding, freedom from worry
b: Marriage, family, children, having a happy home life
c: Health
d: Money, having enough to get along on
e: Success in chosen work, achievement security
f: Understanding people, making other people happy, being unselfish
g: Getting along with people, congeniality, good friends
h: Having fun, enjoyment
i: Religion, obeying God's will
j: Love, affection
k: No opinion

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-g-sq-v-4-b G = -.01 ns a: Contentment O-HL-g-sq-v-4-b G = +.19 p < .01 b: Family life O-HL-g-sq-v-4-b G = -.01 ns c: Health O-HL-g-sq-v-4-b G = -.26 p < .01 d: Money O-HL-g-sq-v-4-b G = -.07 ns e: Success O-HL-g-sq-v-4-b G = +.08 ns f: Doing good O-HL-g-sq-v-4-b G = -.04 ns g: Friends O-HL-g-sq-v-4-b G = -.11 ns h: Fun O-HL-g-sq-v-4-b G = +.41 p < .01 i: Religion O-HL-g-sq-v-4-b G = +.18 ns j: Love O-HL-g-sq-v-4-b G = -.26 p < .01 k: No opinion