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Correlational findings

Study Maxwell (1985): study US 1966

Public:
45+ aged males, USA, followed 12 years 1966-1978
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1173
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Highly structured

Correlate

Authors's label
Reason retirement: compulsory plan
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question about reasons for retirement:
0 Voluntary
1 Compulsory plan

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-3-f Beta = -.06 p < .05 Earlier reason for retirement by T2 happiness

Beta controlled for:
- Reasons for retirement  
  - health
  - unemployment
- T1 work situation
  - job satisfaction                       
  - work motivation
  - occupational status (of longest job)
- T2 life situation
  - health problems
  - marital status                       
  - dependents in household         
  - number of years retired
  - income (logarithm)
- Race (Black vs white)
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-f Beta = -.06 Beta when income increase/decrease is included instead of absolute income

Same for blacks and whites